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Ejido in Mexico


by Fernando Antonio Aguilar, Esq.

In Mexico, village lands communally held in the traditional Indian system of land tenure that combine communal ownership with individual use is the traditional interpretation of an "ejido." The ejido consists of cultivated land, pastureland, other uncultivated lands and the fundo legal (townsite). In most cases the cultivated land is divided into separate family holdings.

Approximately 70 percent of Mexico´s territory is found to be under an ejido type of ownership. An ejido can also be “privatized” or can be transformed into private ownership. This procedure is not that complicated and involves essentially two steps that need to be taken. First of all, the Ejido Assembly can resolve that the Ejido itself adopts the full domain regarding their land parcels, complying with what is provided for in the Agrarian Law. Once the Assembly has adopted said resolution, the interested ejido land holders can also, at the moment that they deem pertinent, assume the full domain regarding their land parcels. To do this, the land holders must request from the National Agrarian Registry that these lands be canceled from said Registry. The Registry shall issue the corresponding land title that will be recorded with the Registry of Public Records and Commerce corresponding to the location of these lands. At this moment, the ejido land is transformed into private ownership.

We find that in San Felipe there are two ejidos; to the north of town we find the Ejido “Plan Nacional Agrario” and to the south, we find the Ejido “Delicias.” Fortunately, both of these ejidos have the “Full Domain” status and thus its land parcels can be privatized.

Fernando Antonio Aguilar, Esq.

Corporativo Aguilar/Lexcorp Abogados,

Mexicali, Baja California, Office phones (686) 568-2541, 42 & 46, Mobile Phone:(686) 569-1309 Nextel Direct Connect 152*131214*1

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