Search Baja California

Monday, February 1, 2010

Mexican Constitution of 1917


The Political Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1917 is the present constitution of Mexico. It was drafted in Santiago de Quer├ętaro by a Constitutional Convention during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on February 5, 1917, with Venustiano Carranzaserving as the first president under its terms.

The most important articles, 3, 7, and 13, displayed profound changes in Mexican political philosophy that would help frame the political and social backdrop for the rest of the century.

Article 3 (in brief): The education imparted by the Federal State shall be designed to develop harmoniously all the faculties of the human being and shall foster in him at the same time a love of country and a consciousness of international solidarity, in independence and justice. Said education must be free of bias.

Article 7: This article states that no law or authority can "previously" censor the press, or ask for a bail to the authors or printers. The freedom of the press has its limits in respect to private life, morality, and public peace. Incarceration or censorship cannot occur before charges of "press crimes" can be proven, but it can happen when responsibility has been judicially established.

Article 13: There are no private courts (ie: feudal or manorial courts) in Mexico. Military Courts martial can not be used to judge civilians.

There are 130 articles.

Source: Wikipendia